On to Book 2. In the first seven chapters of Book 2, Augustine attacks the whole culture of Roman (and Greek) religious life. The gods are immoral, they give no prescription for right living and so allow their subjects to be immoral, and worship to those gods is immoral and destructive to those who participate in it. He values the work of the philosophers more than the gods, and even suggests that Plato has more right to be worshipped than Jupiter – at least Plato tried to live morally and called others to do the same. Jupiter was licentious and corrupt and gave himself as an example to others to follow.
I look forward to seeing where Augustine goes with this. What does morality call us to? What good is morality for the non-Christian? What political value does Christian morality have for the Christian? We know that we are called to live a good life, and he starts hinting here at what kinds of things that good life might involve.